The major roles of federal court case study

The major roles of federal court

Federal court is a judicial structure formed by the constitution, and it is largely involved in rulings and decision making. It appears third in the hierarchy of the federal system of the United States of America formed under the Article III of the constitution that states there is only an existence of one Supreme Court structured in a procedural way. Based on the jurisdictions, Supreme Court normally takes the highest position, followed by the courts of appeal and lastly the District Court taking the lowest level. Being a key branch of the government, it performs exceptionally vital roles that are fundamental to the ruling and making judgments guided by the constitution and the principles articulated in it.
With reference to McKeever (1997), Federal Court, as a key organ in the implementation and interpretation of the constitution, it assigns power to different sectors of the government in order to manage and manifest the ownership of public policy principally between the government and state. According to Worthington, Goldsman, & Alston (1998), the federal courts are majorly involved in settling grave disparities between government and contractors, which may be caused by problems emanating from the federal ownership of public policy and, as a result, the contractors tend to bypass an agency and file an appeal directly to the court of claims. In such a case, the government is usually represented by lawyers from the justice the federal department. Misrepresentation of Governments contractors served with the responsibility of supplying fire arms to the Government can is seen to have taken root in Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U. S. 321 (1987). This is in light of the fact that some members of the public were in possession of illegal fire arms used in the shooting.
It also resides over the issuance of power between the government and citizens, in order to ascertain better adherence to the governmental laws, by the citizens. Adam (1984) documents that the federal courts were also to ensure that the state does not embark or in flinch on powers designated to the federal government, through production of fake currency, participate in the formulation of treaties and manipulation of government policies. The mandates given to the government are for better governance and proper law enforcement based on the constitution, without any form of violation. The courts were also to ensure that the federal government on itself is not undermined by the state, including its policies.
The Supreme Court is also involved in the formation of legal precedents through their rulings, and the lower courts are, therefore, expected to follow the issued rulings to the later, (Worthington, Goldsman, & Alston, 1998). This is vital because it guides the federal judges in making critical decisions. Hence most decisions made derive their basis on legal principles that are not violated. Since the Supreme Court has to cope with many decisions it receives on appeal from the lower courts, states and federal courts, it normally agrees to the hearing of oral arguments, and in some cases, it denies petition. Like in this case, it is evident that the court was mandate to rule on matters like the legality of a law suit. The court here ruled that the action of the police could not be upheld, thus, it was not a ‘ full-blown’ search but rather a ‘ cursory inspection’. This is just but a single example of the plethora of sensitive case that the federal courts preside over.
The federal courts should create a formal agora for hearing cases that affect the citizens and the government and its federal authority. This is to enhance the protection of the human rights and ensure that there is better leadership with equal justice (Adams, 1984). For instance, in Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U. S. 321 (1987), the policeman responds to a gun fire as an act of protecting human right which was likely to have been infringed by the shooter. The Federal Court also protects and applies the constitution. In conjunction to this, it also exercises full control over constitutional matters according to the interpretation of the 14th amendment of the constitution passed after the civil war. This assists in developing strong hold regulations and guidelines to the constitution which in turn facilitates the buildup of a modest government, better and quality court structures and lastly better policies.


Adams, M. A. (Sep., 1984) . The Role of the Federal Judiciary. American philosophical
society, 128(3). Retrieved from http://www. jstor. org/pss/986882
McKeever, J. R. (1997). The United States Supreme Court: a political and legal analysis.
New York: Manchester university press.
Worthington, M. M, Goldsman, L. P and Alston, F. M. (1998). Contracting with the federal
government. New York: John Wiley and sons inc.
U. S. Supreme Court (1987). Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U. S. 321 (1987). US Supreme Court
Center. Retrieved from http://supreme. justia. com/us/480/321/