Critque perils of obedience

In ” The Perils of Obedience,” Stanley Milgram conducted a study that tests the conflict between obeying immoral commands given by authority and refusing authority. The experiment was to see how much pain a normal person would inflict on another person because he/she were being ordered to do so by a scientist. The participants of this experiment included two willing individuals: a teacher and a learner. The teacher was the real subject and the learner was an actor. In almost all case the teacher would shock the student to the assumed point of death and in one case a teacher laughed while administering the shock. This leads to the conclusion that everyone has an innate aggression that manifest with the opportunity arises. When the circumstances of the experiment were changed, and the teacher could choose the level of shock administered to the learner the results were drastically different. The teacher’s hardly ever went beyond the minimum pain threshold. The only difference was the presence of the authority figure. This shows that people find it easier to disregard morals when ordered to do so by authority, this also allows for a scapegoat for the responsibility. It is almost as though the progress of the student is completely forgotten, and the teacher becomes annoyed with the students continuing to shock them as instructed. The conclusion derived from these experiments is that under special circumstances authority figures can transform ordinary people into ” agents of terror.” The essay and experiment were an accurate representation of human behavior and how it is affected by authority. It is clearly shown when the difference in people’s malicious behavior when shocking the students in the presence of authority and when given the freedom to choose the level of shock. The thesis of Milgram’s essay was that obedience is a deeply ingrained behavior tendency; indeed, a potent impulse overriding reining ethics, sympathy and moral conduct is right on the dot. He also discusses the extreme willingness of man to obey authority at any length. This shows that ” ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process.” This is proven by the fact that the majority of people were willing to shock students almost to the assumed point of death when instructed to do so by a researcher. This essay leads to deeper questions about the individuals, such as, what are the back grounds of the subjects. Although the study was through analysis of the human behavior and aggressiveness relating to the presence and commands of authority, it doesn’t adequately examine the backgrounds of the individuals. His essay doesn’t talk about the subject’s pasts, phobias, or frame of mind coming into to experiment. This would have been helpful knowledge when analyzing the outcome of the experiment. Although Milgram states that he doesn’t think people are naturally aggressive I disagree. There are countless road rage cases in the United States every year and the numbers are always growing. There are enormous amounts of random acts of violence and murders every year. Another situation where people are naturally aggressive would be bullies in school, no one is telling them to pick on the smaller and weaker it is a natural aggressive state. Luckily our society has laws and regulation to govern human behavior along with a government that doesn’t request brutal attacks on its own people. Milgram’s essay is an accurate representation of human behavior. His thorough experiment led to accurate conclusions of human behaviorism.