Bird flu

BIRD FLU Bird flu or also known as the Avian Influenza is a disease of viral etiology that ranges from a mild or even asymptomatic infection to an acute, fatal disease of chickens, turkeys, guinea fowls, and other avian species, especially migratory waterfowl that can infect several species of mammals (What is avian influenza 1). Fowl plague was described in 1878 as a serious disease of chickens in Italy. It is resolve that this fowl plague is actually one of the influenza viruses (Bird Flu/Avian Flu 2). It is said to be originated from Serbia Montenegro and is now known to exist all over the world. The H5N1 type of avian influenza virus is the most likely source of future influenza pandemic which is infecting humans and causing high death rates.
The H5N1 has already infected 128, which caused death of about 67 people across Asia. However, talk of a pandemic has been dismissed as doom mongering by some. They take the example of Sars, that despite our darkest fears, only 8, 000 people have been affected and 775 have died (Boles 5). Yet, there is the possibility that the H5N1 strain could, through genetic re-assortment or a more gradual process of adaptive mutation, become readily transmissible from human-to-human and become the basis of a global pandemic comparable to that of 1918-1919, the ” Spanish” influenza, which recent research has shown to have had its origin in an avian influenza virus (Avian Flu Economic Analysis 3).
The impact of bird flu is very emerging. At first, the big risk was in getting sick. Now getting infected is not the only concern of many people around the globe, researchers has indulged themselves in getting information about its effect on the economy of every nation who has been infected by the said virus. The impending cost is astounding. In America the conventional flu cost is about $118 bn in an average year and an avian-flu pandemic is almost six times deadly. Researchers at Nottingham University in UK estimates that UK’s domestic product (GDP) has decline by 8% and about 3% of total employment or 941, 000 jobs has vanished away as many companies got bankrupt. The blow on economy has varied from different countries, such as in Britain, Greece, Spain and Italy who have among the worst hit because of their independence to tourism. In Britain, for example, tourism drops by 75% leaving number of consumer fall and sending global trade a precipitous downward curved. Asian has had its worst economic crisis ever. In Singapore, outbreak cuts 5% GDP as travel ceases, manufacturing slows down and quarantines stops trade in its track. Hong Kong, Singapore and China are the most one who have been affected because they rely on trade and tourism and have big crowded populations. In Vietnam, some 44 million birds or 17 percent of the total population of poultry were culled at an estimated cost of $120 million (0. 3 percent of GDP). In parts of Russia, bans on bird shoots have been introduced and concerns about the flu spreading from wild birds could spark calls for similar measures elsewhere in Europe.
The chaos created by avian flu was huge and enormous. The impact is not only in the risk that human could acquire the disease, but also it imposes peril economically, emotionally, and socially. The bird flu begins in the early 20th century and become endemic until this time. ” Nobody knows if that ( a pandemic) will happen or not, but we are due for a pandemic right about now,” said Dr. Eskild Petersen, a worldwide infectious disease specialist at University Medical Center, noting such pandemics occur every 30 to 40 years, with the last one in 1968. ” There is a lot of uncertainty about what H5N1 will do. But if this is not the big one, there will be a big one, and with global travel the way it is today, it will move fast (McClain 9)”. What stands out in all the plans is an alarming theme – no matter how much we plan or practice, our local health-care system will be ” overwhelmed.”
Countries all over the world geared up for the control of the endemic disease. ” To control the spread of bird flu, China has vowed to vaccinate all of its estimated 14 billion poultry (qtd. in China to vaccinate 14bn poultry)”. Kuwait, on the other hand, has allocated $5. 4m to purchase anti-viral drugs for its residents (Lethal Bird flu found in Kuwait 6). Businesses have started providing staff traveling to Asia and other affected areas with anti-viral drugs that are effective against the H5N1 avian flu strain causing concern at the moment, and a number of corporations are preparing plans for how and when travel by staff members should be limited (Madslein 21) However, there is no efficient anti-viral vaccines and nearly not enough to devastate the growth of the disease.
The Avian Flu can be compared to the flipping of a coin. There are two variables in a flipping coin: how soon it hits the ground, and how fast it is flipping. Theoretically, it should be possible to control these variables entirely and control how the coin will end up. In practice, it is impossible to control exactly how fast the coin flips and how high it flips. It is possible to put the variables into a certain range, but it is impossible to control it enough to know the final results of the coin toss.
” Avian Flu Economic Analysis”. 2005.(December 5, 2005)
” Bird flu/ Avian Influenza”. (December 5, 2005)
Boles, Tracey. ” Facing up to disaster, 1918, 1968, 2005″ . Rednova (Monday, 24 October 2005).
(December 5, 2005)
Brahmbhatt, Milan. ” Avian Influenza: Economic and Social Impacts”.( 23 September 2005) (December 5 2005).
” China has second bird flu death” (Wednesday, 23 November 2005) (December 5, 2005)
” China to vaccinate 14bn poultry” (Tuesday, 15 November 2005)
(December 5, 2005)
” Lethal Bird Flu Found In Kuwait”. (Friday, 11 November 2005). (December 5, 2005)
McClain, Carla. ” Experts predict chaotic pandemic” (October 13, 2005).
(December 6, 2005)
” After 38 deaths from bird flu, Thailand declares state of emergency”.(January, 2005).< http://www. generationaldynamics. com/cgi-bin/D. PLd= ww2010. weblog. log0501>(December 5, 2005)