Asia religion 2

Theravada Buddhism is the most traditional form of Buddhism. It could rightly be considered a form of “ orthodox” Buddhism because the oldest known teachings of the Buddha are found in this branch of Buddhism. Theravada Buddhism is also called The Teachings of the Elders. Theravada Buddhism stresses the need of the individual to understand that there is nothing of real substance in the world. All pain and evil is caused by desire, longing and craving. Adherence to The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path is necessary for the individual to accomplish a holy life. They seek to become a worthy person, or an Arhat. This is the sort of life one must achieve in order to end the cycle of death and rebirth.
Mahayana Buddhism differs from Theravada Buddhism in that the path to enlightenment is not so clearly defined. The teachings of the historical Buddha are viewed as a guide. Different practices such as Zen Buddhism and teachings that place a great emphasis on yoga (meditation) have their place in Mahayana Buddhism. Many different types of Buddhism are recognized in Mahayana, leading to a diversity of ritual practices that are not observed by Theravada Buddhists. The main implication for this difference is the fact that a larger variety of individuals is incorporated into Buddhist teachings through the flexibility of Mahayana Buddhism.
” The Buddhist Schools: Theravada and Mahayana.” The Buddhist Schools: Theravada and Mahayana. N. p., 1 Jan. 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. .